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Bonding involves the application of a plastic material, Composite Resin, to natural tooth. The reason it is called bonding is due to the chemical and micromechanical "Bond" it makes with the tooth structure. In fact the bonding materials today bond as tenaciously to tooth (both enamel and dentin) as tooth does to itself. Initially bonding to enamel was wonderful but bonding to dentin was weak With the discovery of "wet or moist bonding" by Dr. Kanca in the late 1980's and early 1990's, dentin bonding has become the norm. In fact it has created the entire "minimally invasive dentistry" field, where the theory of the less tooth removed the better, as long as the decayed tooth structure is removed.

Bonding is a general term which can be used to describe bonding composite resin, porcelain laminates, porcelain inlays/onlays, precious and non-precious metal alloys and amalgam restorations today. Although in the past bonding usually referred to composite resin bonding. This can create some confusion so be careful when using the term bonding and make sure you and your dentist are on the same wavelength. Depending upon the materials which are bonded, the final result can be a tooth which is as strong and esthetic as the original unrestored tooth.

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